UPSC Prelims 2018 – 132 days more to go – How to Prepare?
In this blog, we are going to guide you for a step-by-step plan for preparing for Test 3 – Physical Geography test 1 and Test 4 – Economics test 1. We will follow the same test series for Prelims that we followed in the previous blog (Click here to read the first blog). The test series schedule and topics can be accessed in the following link – (UPSC Prelims 2018 Mock Test Series by Shankar IAS Academy)
TOPICS FOR THE TEST
- Geography test topics include the entire part of World Geography i.e. Geomorphology, Climatology and Climatic Regions and Oceanography
- Economics Test Topics goes like this – National Income, Growth & Development, Public Finance, Money & Inflation, Banking and Money Market
- Current Affairs from the months of March and April, 2017
- Topics from India Year Book are facts about the states of Orissa, Rajasthan, Punjab and Sikkim; Finance and Basic Economic Data
HOW WERE THE PREVIOUS PRELIMS PAPERS – A LOOK BACK, TOPIC WISE
Before we get into the specifics of how to go about the actual preparation for these topics, let’s take a look at how the previous year Prelims question papers have treated the topics from Geography and Economics.
Sources and references
- Geography – The best advisable source for having a thorough understanding of the various mentioned topics from world geography would be the 11th STD NCERT. It can be accessed here – http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook. There is a topic specified called Climatology for which Certificate Physical and Human Geography by Go Cheng Leong would be the best reference.
- Economics – A quick glance at the type of approach used to test your knowledge as far as this subject goes, UPSC has always bent more towards the dynamic aspects of it. So the best place to start preparing would be to get your basics right with a thorough reading of the NCERT books along with vigorous and continuous following of the current events related to economics. Another important source for this subject would be the Economic Survey which is a GOI document released after every year’s budget session.
- Current Affairs – Two national newspapers on an everyday basis will cut the chase for current affairs preparation. For a more detailed analysis of everyday news and also to distinguish which is UPSC material and which is not, do check out the link here – http://www.iasparliament.com/ .
- India Year Book – The India Year Book is a Government of India publication which is available online to download as well as hard copies. You can find the topics for this particular test in the following chapters in the book. States – Chapter 30; Finance – Chapter 13; Basic Economic Data – Chapter 6.
How to proceed?
Refer the following table
CA – Current Affairs; IB – India Year Book; Geo – Geography; Eco – Economics; T1 & T2 – Test 1 & 2; Rev – Revision; Old qs– Old Questions; AN – Afternoon; FN – Forenoon.
This is a model revision table that will help you design and restructure it according to your needs and timings. As mentioned in the previous blog, some of you might have different ways of preparing for the UPSC examination. Go ahead, feel free to tweak the table to suit yourself.
- Reading the basic books required for Geography and Economics topics, which can be done by reading chapter wise or syllabus wise each day. At the end of the week, Friday as per the schedule, revise all the topics read during the whole week.
- India year Book can be an exhausting read. It has a lot of information. As far as facts about the states go, these are the areas to take note on: Topography, Soil, Dance, Music, Culture, History, Climate, Rivers, Dams, Industries, Minerals and other Natural resources, Demographics, current affairs related to the particular state.
- Another essential thing to follow is to attempt and answer old questions related to the topics. Here’s how that can go: Make use of the table given above where there is a clear split of how many questions each topic had in every year for the last five years. Try answering the questions and then check if your answers are right. If not, check for the logic of your answering and the right answer and rectify your thinking process.
Most often, we forget the most important part of the preparation – Revision. Why do we have to revise?
- The exam is a good 4 months away. Revision is the only key that will help us to retain the points better in our memory.
- Can study the points that we may have overlooked in the first round of studying.
- Helps to understand difficult topics better. Every reading will give a different perspective of the various topics helping you to form a better version of it in our memory.
- The key to master current affairs is revision. Keep reading the various treaties, conventions, policies and schemes seen in the news so that you’re thoroughly acquainted with the details.
How to revise?
- Attempting to solve old question paper is probably the best way one could revise the topics.
- While reading the subject for a second time, it helps you take notes better. These notes will come in handy during the hectic time right before the actual examination to skim through the various topics in a jiffy.
- Get a clearer understanding of the topics by way of discussing with a fellow aspirant.
- Read different views of the same topic from various sources. This will help you form your answers for Mains examination.
Stay tuned for more…