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How to Prepare Modern History for UPSC 2021 Exam | Shankar IAS Academy
9 March, 2021 0 709
How to Prepare Modern History for UPSC 2021 Exam

The early modern Indian History starts with the fall of the Mughals, Marathas, and consolidation of the British rule in India.

The mid-phase starts with the struggle of the Indian-revolt of 1857 and proceed to the complete Independence of India.

This part of the History subjects plays the most important one as most of the history questions are asked from this, especially in the UPSC Preliminary examination.

Modern History can be made into parts as

  • Rise of the foreign power in India
  • The Emergence of East India Company and related events
  • British takeovers and reactions from Indians
  • British economic policy
  • Socio-cultural facets
  • Freedom struggle and independence


  • Have notes based on the topics in chronological order.

Revolts, movements, agitations:

  • The notes should also have the purpose and reason for any movement.
  • Consequences of the movement
  • Important personalities involved in that
  • Other literature and part of the press in them and so on.

Religious & Social Reforms:

Focus on,

  • The Ideological base of them
  • Reform Movements like Brahmo Samaj, Arya Samaj, Theosophical Society, Harijan Movement, etc.
  • Movement by whom, what was the objective and emphasis of these movements
  • Role of these in building a sense of nationalism among Indians.
  • Social reforms – their impact on the Education, Status of Women, Caste system of the society, and many other such things.

British rule in India & administration:

  • Political-Administrative and other policies of British India.
  • Social, Economic set up like Agrarian Systems, etc
  • Important Reports, Sessions, Acts, Committees set up during the British period
  • Events, Movements (including Tribal, Peasant, and Trade Union Movements)after Revolt of 1857.
  • Focus on the type of administration – Revenue & Military.
  • Governor Generals- acts, their impacts, other important changes made by them can be put as a tabular column for reference

Personalities –

Focus on

  • Mahatma Gandhi, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Annie Besant and so many more.
  • Their literature, press & other work
  • Organization and their role

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